Bond angles chart

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In this article, we will show the ideal bond angles chart for each type of VSEPR (AXE) notation.

Bond angles chart

The following chart will help you in determining the bond angles for different molecules having varying shapes/molecular geometries according to the VSEPR concept.

 

VSEPR notation

Bond pairs

Lone

pairs

Ideal electronic geometry

Molecular geometry

Ideal Bond angles 

Examples

AX2

2

0

Linear

Linear

180°

BeCl2, CO2

AX3

3

0

Trigonal

planar

Trigonal

planar

120°

BF3

AX2E

2

1

Trigonal

planar

Bent

<120° (119°)

SO2

AX4

4

0

Tetrahedral

Tetrahedral

109.5°

CH4, CCl4

AX3E

3

1

Tetrahedral

Trigonal pyramidal

<109.5° (107.5°)

NH3

AX2E2

2

2

Tetrahedral

Bent

<109.5° (104.5°)

H2O

AX5

5

0

Trigonal bipyramidal

Trigonal bipyramidal

90°, 120°

PCl5

AX4E

4

1

Trigonal bipyramidal

Seesaw

ax–ax 180° (173.1°),

eq–eq 120° (101.6°),

ax–eq 90°

SF4

AX3E2

3

2

Trigonal bipyramidal

T-shape

<90° (87.5°), <180° (175°)

ClF3

AX2E3

2

3

Trigonal bipyramidal

Linear

180°

XeF2

AX6

6

0

Octahedral

Octahedral

90°, 180°

SF6

AX5E

5

1

Octahedral

Square pyramidal

 <90° (84.8º)

BrF5

AX4E2

4

2

Octahedral

Square Planar

90°

XeF4

Also, check the bond angle chart with diagrams.

 

Bond angle chart with diagrams

VSEPR notationMolecular geometryIdeal Bond angle with diagram
AX2LinearAX2 bond angle
AX3

Trigonal

planar

AX3 bond angle
AX2EBentax2e bond angle
AX4TetrahedralAX4 bond angle
AX3ETrigonal pyramidalax3e bond angle
AX2E2Bentax2e2 bond angle
AX5Trigonal bipyramidalAX5 bond angle
AX4ESeesawax4e bond angle
AX3E2T-shapeAX3E2 bond angle
AX2E3LinearAX2E3 bond angle
AX6OctahedralAX6 bond angle
AX5ESquare pyramidalax5e bond angle
AX4E2Square Planarax4e2 bond angle

Also check

Also check – AXE notation in details

Download the high-quality image of the bond angle chart.

 

FAQ

What is a Bond angles chart?

The bond angles chart contains data for each VSEPR notation. Using this data, we can predict the ideal bond angle for a molecule. For instance, let’s say the VSEPR notation is AX2E2

According to Bond angles chart data –

What does VSEPR notation represent in the Bond angles chart?

The VSEPR notation in the bond angles chart is denoted as the AXE formula where A represents the central atom, X denotes the number of bonded atoms to the central atom, and E represents the number of lone pairs on the central atom.

About the author

topblogtenz author

Welcome to Topblogtenz, My name is Vishal Goyal. I am an engineer, chemistry tutor, blogger, and founder of topblogtenz.com. I'm a science geek with a passion for life sciences and chemistry. Being a chemistry tutor and having a degree in Engineering, I know how hard it is to learn by yourself, that is why I created a site where you can find help related to science and chemistry before everyone else.

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