Based on Lewis structure analysis, what is the formal charge of the central atom in N2O?

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We know the correct lewis structure of N2O is –

n2o lewis structure

So, the central atom in lewis’s structure of N2O is Nitrogen (N). Let’s find the formal charge of it.

The formal charge can be calculated using the formula given below.

formal charge formula for lewis diagram

  • Formal charge = [ valence electrons – nonbonding electrons- ½ (bonding electrons)]

For the Nitrogen (N) central atom

  • Valence electrons of Nitrogen = 5
  • Bonding electrons = 1 single bond(2 electrons) + 1 triple bond(6 electrons) =  8 electrons
  • Non-bonding electrons = Zero lone pairs = 0 electrons
  • Formal charge = 5 – 0 – 8/2 = 5 – 0 – 4 = +1

So, based on the analysis, the formal charge of the central atom in N2O is +1.

based on the analysis, the formal charge of the central atom in N2O is +1

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