Based on lewis structure analysis, what is the formal charge of the central atom in clf3

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We know the lewis structure of ClF3 is –

ClF3 lewis structure

So, the central atom in lewis’s structure of ClF3 is Chlorine (Cl). Let’s find the formal charge of it.

The formal charge can be calculated using the formula given below.

formal charge formula for lewis diagram

  • Formal charge = [ valence electrons – nonbonding electrons- ½ (bonding electrons)]

For the Chlorine (Cl) central atom

  • Valence electrons of Chlorine = 7
  • Bonding electrons = 3 single bonds = 3(2) = 6 electrons
  • Non-bonding electrons = 2 lone pairs = 2(2) = 4 electrons
  • Formal charge = 7 – 4 – 6/2 = 7 – 4 – 3 = 7 – 7 = 0

So, based on the analysis, the formal charge of the central atom in ClF3 is Zero.

based on the analysis, the formal charge of the central atom in ClF3 is Zero

Also check –

NameChlorine trifluoride
Chemical formulaClF3
Molecular geometry T-Shaped
Electron geometryTrigonal bipyramidal
The formal charge on the central atomZero

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